Who lives in Australia?


Hi everyone,

If you’re reading this, you might be thinking about moving to Australia or already moving to that direction. Considering relocation, it’s important to learn about Australian migration history in general, the state economy, and the people who live there, so you will definitely know what location will suit you the best. Do you agree?

Today, I’ll dive into some statistical insights into Australia’s population, delivered by the Australian Bureau of Statistics with data collected up to June 2023. I believe this post helps us understand who lives in Australia and how diverse it is. Let’s explore.

Australia is widely regarded as one of the best places to live globally, considering its high quality of life. It’s no surprise that more people choose to move here than leave this beautiful country. Of course, factors such as historical events like the World Wars, the Great Depression, and, more recently, the COVID-19 pandemic have influenced migration patterns.

After the removal of COVID-19 travel restrictions, there was a notable increase in the number of people born overseas migrating to Australia - to 8.2 million.

Australia’s population by country of birth is measured on 30 June each year. Unfortunately, information about the state and territory population is only available for census years (most recently 2021). However, I believe it’s still useful to consider choosing a location for your future life in Australia.

Please see the following diagrams of the top 10 countries of birth (excluding Australia) for each state. This information can help you find community support and a cultural environment that suits your preferences.

Top 10 countries of birth (excluding Australia) for each state


Now let’s take a look at the global situation of migrants.

In 2020, the USA had the highest number of overseas-born residents – 50.6 million people, which is 15.3% of its overall population. Following closely, Germany had 15.8 million, making up 18.8% of its population. Surprisingly, Saudi Arabia ranked third with 13.5 million migrants, representing a significant 38.6% of its population. Australia ranked ninth with 7.7 million migrants, making up 29.9% of its population.

So, the ranking of the top 20 countries (based on 2020 data) with the highest number of people born outside their country of residence looks like this:

  1. USA
  2. Germany
  3. Saudi Arabia
  4. Russian Federation
  5. United Kingdom
  6. United Arab Emirates
  7. France
  8. Canada
  9. Australia
  10. Spain
  11. Italy
  12. Turkey
  13. Ukraine
  14. India
  15. Kazakhstan
  16. Thailand
  17. Malaysia
  18. Jordan
  19. Pakistan
  20. Kuwait

This article is quite long, but I hope it has been helpful in understanding the diversity and opportunities available in Australia and around the world.

At this point, I advise you to visit Australia (or any other country you’re considering) before migrating there. It will help you get to know certain regions and cities and see if they suit you.

You can ask me questions at any time.

Just email me at and describe your migration issues!

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