Education is getting more and more burning topic for discussion nowadays, including home schooling for children, the choice of a future profession, self-development, and, of course, education determines your life, your opportunities for your future. Relevance of education during the immigration process was discussed many times and may be related to skills assessment, the choice of a course for future graduate visa, as well as school education for your children as a long-term investment into pathway to Australia.
In order to prepare for migration processes and to clarify the main issues, I will tell you how the education system in Australia works. First, a little history The first schools appeared on the continent at the end of the XXVIII century. And since Australia was a colony of Anglican Britain, the schools were Anglican and even Catholic children had to study in Anglican schools.
This continued until 1836, when Catholics, Anglicans and Protestants were given the same rights and schools of other faiths began to appear. In 1872, secular schools began to appear in Australia.
The history of Australian higher education begins in 1850, when the first university opened in Sydney on October 1, which is now the country’s oldest university. Universities in other states were opened as well.
After World War II, education in Australia developed at a rapid pace. Between 1948 and 1975, the number of universities increased from 6 to 19 throughout the country.
Modern education in Australia is divided into several levels:
· Primary education
· Secondary educational (depending on the state, it may be called Middle School, Secondary School, High School or Collage)
· Tertiary education (Certificate I-IV, Diploma, Advanced Diploma, Associate Degree)
· Higher Education (Bachelor Degree, Bachelor Honours Degree, Graduate Certificate, Graduate Diploma)
· Post-Graduate / Research (Master by coursework / Master by research / Doctoral Degree)
Every year, the UN publishes indices and indicators that characterize important areas of life, including the education index for different countries. This index reflects the level of adult literacy (how many percent of the population can read and write) and the total share of students (percentage of the entire student population from kindergartens to postgraduate education). I want to note that Australia does not fall below the second position in this ranking in the latest years.
In the following posts I will tell you more about each of the levels.