Until recently, the UK has always been the main source of permanent migration to Australia. However, for the first time in Australian history, China surpassed the UK in 2010-2011. Since then, China and India have continued to provide the largest numbers of both permanent and temporary migrants.
As a result of the new orientation of the post-war government in 1945, the proportion of the Australian population born overseas rapidly increased from 9.8% in 1947 to about 20% in 1971. This figure continued to grow. According to the latest statistics available, just under a third (29.7%) of Australia’s resident population was overseas born.
In addition, in the 2010s, there was a shift in the balance of migration from the family intake in favor of the skilled intake:
A major determinant of migration policy since the 1980s has been the focus on the performance of migrants in the Australian labor market. Various policy measures have been implemented to increase the likelihood that new migrants will be able to get jobs and achieve economic independence. Obviously, this reduced the risk that migrants will deplete the state wallet.
Such measures then and now remain:
At the end of 2019:⠀
Main countries of origin of humanitarian migrants (2018–2019):